Karnataka is a state in southwest India, bordered by the Arabian Sea to the west, Goa to the northwest, Maharashtra to the north, Telangana to the northeast, Andhra Pradesh to the east, Tamil Nadu to the southeast, and Kerala to the southwest.

Capital: Bengaluru (formerly known as Bangalore)

Population: Karnataka is the eighth largest state by population, with over 61 million people as of the 2011 census.

Language: Kannada is the official language of Karnataka, spoken by the majority of the population. Other languages spoken include Urdu, Telugu, Tamil, Malayalam, Tulu, and Konkani.

Geography: Karnataka has a diverse geography, ranging from the coastal plains of the Arabian Sea in the west to the Deccan Plateau in the east. The Western Ghats run along the western border of the state, providing a habitat for diverse flora and fauna. The state has several rivers, including the Kaveri, Krishna, Tungabhadra, and Sharavathi.

Economy: Karnataka is one of the most economically developed states in India, with a gross state domestic product (GSDP) of over $230 billion USD. The state is known for its information technology (IT) and biotechnology industries, with Bengaluru being a major hub for technology companies. Agriculture also plays a significant role in the state’s economy, with Karnataka being a leading producer of coffee, silk, and spices.

Culture: Karnataka has a rich cultural heritage, with influences from Hindu, Muslim, and Jain traditions. The state is known for its classical music, dance, and literature. The Mysore Dasara festival, held annually in the city of Mysore, is a major cultural event that attracts tourists from around the world.

Tourism: Karnataka is home to several UNESCO World Heritage Sites, including the Hampi ruins, the Western Ghats, and the group of monuments at Pattadakal. The state is also known for its national parks and wildlife sanctuaries, such as Bandipur National Park and Nagarhole National Park, which are home to a variety of endangered species.

Education: Karnataka is home to several prestigious educational institutions, including the Indian Institute of Science (IISc) and the Indian Institute of Management Bangalore (IIMB). The state has a high literacy rate, with education being a priority for its government.

Politics: Karnataka has a parliamentary system of government, with a governor appointed by the President of India serving as the ceremonial head of state. The state legislature consists of a governor and a unicameral legislature with 224 members. The state is governed by the ruling party or coalition, with elections held every five years.

This overview provides a glimpse into the diverse and vibrant state of Karnataka, known for its rich cultural heritage, economic dynamism, and natural beauty.

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