Nipha virus symptoms,Epidemiology,Prevention and control measures.

The Nipah virus is a zoonotic virus, meaning it is transmitted from animals to humans. It was first identified during an outbreak in Malaysia in 1999, when pigs were found to be the intermediate hosts. Fruit bats of the genus Pteropus are believed to be the natural reservoir of the virus.Nipah virus can cause severe illness in both animals and humans.


ranging from fever, headache, and muscle pain to more severe complications such as acute respiratory syndrome and encephalitis. The mortality rate of Nipah virus infection can be high, ranging from 40% to 75%.

Encephalitis and pneumonia caused by Nipah viruses, computer illustration. Nipah virus is zoonotic (transmitted to humans from animals) and was first found in Malaysia and Singapore in people who had close contact with pigs. It was initially isolated in 1999 upon examining samples from an outbreak of encephalitis and respiratory illness among adult men in those two countries.


Outbreaks of Nipah virus infection have occurred sporadically in South and Southeast Asia, primarily in Bangladesh, India, Malaysia, and Singapore. Human-to-human transmission can occur through close

Preventive measures:

To contact with infected individuals, particularly in healthcare to reduce the risk of Nipah virus transmission include avoiding contact with sick animals, practicing good hygiene, and implementing infection control measures in healthcare settings. Research efforts are ongoing to better understand the virus and develop vaccines and treatments to combat it.

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